Depression is a mood disorder that can range from mild to severe, and can manifest in different forms. Clinical depression, also known as major depression or major depressive disorder, is the most severe type of depression. It is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness and loss of interest in activities that usually bring pleasure. People with clinical depression may experience symptoms such as difficulty sleeping, eating, or working, and may feel hopeless or helpless.
Persistent depressive disorder is another type of depression that lasts for two years or more. It is sometimes referred to as dysthymia or chronic depression, and may not be as intense as major depression, but can still have a negative impact on relationships and daily tasks. Adjustment disorder is another type of depression that occurs when a person has difficulty accepting changes in their life. This type of depression is often referred to as situational depression.
Other types of depression include mood dysregulation disorder (diagnosed in children and adolescents), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), and atypical depression. Atypical depression is characterized by physical symptoms such as increased appetite and sleepiness, and may respond better to a type of antidepressant known as a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI). Brain stimulation therapies such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (RTMS) and vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) are also used to treat drug-resistant depression. If you think you or someone you know may be dealing with any type of depression, it is important to recognize the signs and symptoms.
These include feeling depressed most days for at least two weeks, feeling hopeless or helpless, having difficulty sleeping or eating, and having difficulty doing daily tasks. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to seek help from a medical professional. Living with any type of depression can be difficult, but there are ways to manage it. It is important to reach out to family and friends on a regular basis for support, even if it is just by phone or video chat.
It can also be helpful to practice self-care activities such as exercise, meditation, and journaling. Additionally, psychotherapy can be beneficial in helping people with depression manage their symptoms. Gaining a better understanding of the different types of depression can help you get started on the path to diagnosis and recovery. If you or someone you know is struggling with any type of depression, it is important to seek help from a medical professional.